1. We are in Italy now, and tomorrow we are visiting Pompeii.
—How are you getting to the airport?
—By taxi.Bob is coming with me to the airport.
My uncle is coming to see me tomorrow.
2．In 89 BC, the Romans took over Pompeii.
短语take over 的意思是“占领”、“接管”，后可接名词或动名词，也可单独使用。例如：
He’d like to take over the farm one day.
He is taking over my job while I am on holiday.
Not long after the American Civil War began, the Northern army took over many of the Southern cities.
After we had stopped for lunch, Sheila took over the driving for a while.
3．On 24th August AD 79, the volcano erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside.
(1)erupt vi. (火山等) 爆发
Few people expected the volcano to erupt again.
The volcano erupted after years of dormancy.
My neighbor erupted in anger over the noise.
(2)pour out v. 诉说, 倾吐
After every match the stadium_______thousands of people______the surrounding streets.
A.turns；into B.changes；into C.went；to D.pours；into
(3) surrounding 为形容词“周围的”，the surrounding area“周边地区”作名词(总以复数形式出现) surroundings=environment．例如：
The house is in beautiful surroundings．
4．Unfortunately, all the people were buried alive, and so was the city.
Unfortunately the little girl lost her sight with that terrible illness.
Unfortunately it will cost a lot of money.
(2)句中so was the city 意为“城市也……”。
He has read the book, So have I.
If you go to the cinema tonight, so will I.
You can't speak English, nor can Tom
例：As your spoken English gets better, your written English gets better, your written English.
A. so does B. so will C. such does D.such will
5. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage.
Matt got first place in the game, which excited everyone.
My new car, which I paid several thousand pounds for, is not running well.
例：The meat in the fridge, ____ is still very fresh, is good enough for us to prepare a dinner for ten.
A. much of which B. many of which C. much of them D. many of them
[解析]非限制性定语从句，用much of which。
6. It’s hard to imagine how this quiet volcano destroyed the whole city.
destory vt. “毁坏，摧毁”。例如：
This would destroy the entire peace of the Middle East.
We cannot stop earthquakes. But we can do things to make sure they do not destroy whole cities.
7．Tomorrow we are off to Naples to visit he museum that houses many of the treasure from Pompeii.
be off ”意为“走掉”、“动身” =are going to go …。例如：
How and when is Lucy going off to Beijing?
The next day I Was off to Washington in a train.
例：—I must be off now. ______. Bye.
— Thanks. The same to you. Bye.
A. All of lucky B. All the best C. All the better D. All the hope
[解析]句中be off “要走了”。根据回答可知是嘱咐的话语。只有B项可以，All the best. “祝一切都好，一切顺利。”
8．It is believed by many people to have been gradually covered over by standstorms from AD 200 to AD 500.
(1) 句中it 指的是楼兰古城，to have been gradually covered over 是动词不定式的被动式，使用了完成时态，表示“被覆盖”的事情已经发生。例如：
This book is reported to have been translated into many different language.
后接不定式用于类似结构的动词除report 之外还有say, believe 等。例如：
The film is said to be very touching.
The old castle was believed to have ghosts living in it for many years.
(2) gradually adv. “渐渐地，逐渐地”
His sense of touch gradually took the place of sight.
The girls gradually quieted down.
9. Seven found the remains of buildings bried under the sand, together with a lot of treasures, such as coins, painted pots, silk materials, documents and all paintings.
together with 在次表伴随。当主语后面跟 as well as , with , together with , but , including , besides 等连接的名词或代词时，谓语动词和其前面的名词或代词在人称和数方面保持一致。例如：
He, together with his classmates , will see the film.
Mr.Wang , together with his wife , has gone to Australia.
例：When I got home last night，Tom together with my parents______________TV.
A.watched B.watching C.was watching D.were watching
10．Not only was Rome a city a republic, but it was also to become the captain of the largest empires in history.
Not only…but also…conj.“不但...而且”。表递进关系。not only放句首后面的句子要用倒装语序。
She can not only sing but also play the piano.
He gave me not only money but also advice.
例：Things are getting worse than before. Not only _____ polluted, but _____ so crowded.
A. is the city; are all the streets B. the city is; are all the streets
C. is the city; all the streets are D. the city is; the streets are
11．In both China and Rome at this time, poetry, literature and philosophy were being developed.
句中were being developed 是被动语态的过去进行时，表示过去某一时间正在发生的事。
When I got there, the rooms were being painted.
She almost felt that she was being mocked.
Trees were being planted here this time last year.
12．In return for silk, China received wine, spices, wool and other goods.
短语in return for的意思是“作为对……的回报”。例如：
We gave Peter a nice present in return for his cooperation.
I'll pay you six thousand ducats in return for the three thousand ducats that Antonio borrowed.
13．It was a different story for China with the formation of the Sui Dynasty in AD 581, which once again reunited China in AD 589.
句中which 引导的非限制性定语从句修饰先行词the Sui Dynasty.
He left without saying good-bye ,which made his friend angry.
This is our factory, at the back of which there is a river.
In area it is about the same size as the USA (without Alaska),which has more than thirteen times as many people.