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Unit 5 International charities 知识讲解-学生频道-【 扬州家教网 - YZJJW.NET】
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Unit 5 International charities 知识讲解
发布者:本站编辑 发布时间:2009-8-27 阅读:2989次 【字体:

知识讲解

 1.I remember you have some pocket money left.我记得你还剩点零花钱。

  ① you have some pocket money left是谓语动词remember的宾语从句,省略了that。例如:

He said (that)he would like to see the teacher.  他说他喜欢去看望老师。

  ② left是动词leave“留下,剩下”过去分词演变过来的形容词,在句中作宾语补足语,修饰前面的名词some pocket money。例如:

  Is there anything left to eat?有什么剩下来可吃的东西吗?

 2.I’m too weak to walk.我身体太虚弱了走不动路。

  too…to… “太……以致不能”,表示否定。例如:

  This boy is too young to go to school.这个男孩太小了,不能上学。

  The book is too difficult for children to read.这本书太难了,孩子们看不懂。

  注意事项:从表面看,没有否定形式,其实际上表示否定。=so…that not。例如:

  This boy is too young to go to school.=

  This boy is so young that he couldn’t go to school.

  The book is too difficult for children to read.=

  The book is so difficult that children could not read it.

 3.I’ll take you to a new restaurant.我将带你到一个新饭店。

  take … to…固定词组,“带(某人/某东西)去(某地)”。例如:

  I will take you skiing.我带你去滑雪。

  Will this road take me to the station?我走这条路能到车站吗?

  Our teacher told us to take these books to the classroom.

  我们老师叫我们把这些书带到教室去。

 4.The good news is that 80 per cent of the cases of blindness can be cured or prevented.

  好消息是有百分之八十的失眠案例得到治疗或防止。

  that引导的是表语从句,位于系动词之后。例如:

  The question is whether we can finish our work by tomorrow evening.

  问题是我们能不能在明天晚上完成我们的工作。

  My suggestion is that we go by bus instead of by train.

  我建议我们坐汽车去,不坐火车。

  The bad news is that many people do not have the money for medical treatment.

  坏消息就是许多人没有钱医疗。

 5.Many of our patients are so poor that they don’t have the money to travel to hospital.

  我们许多病人是那么的穷以致他们没有钱旅游看病。

  =Many of our patients are too poor to have the money to travel to hospital.

  so…that…“如此……以致……”,引导的是结果状语从句。例如:

  This boy is so young that he couldn’t go to school.=

  This boy is too young to go to school.这个男孩太小了,不能上学。

  The book is so difficult that children could not read it.=

  The book is too difficult for children to read.这本书太难了,孩子们看不懂。

  6.We teach them new skills and knowledge.我们教他们新技能和知识。

  teach sb sth“教某人某东西”,谓语动词teach带双宾语,表示人的是间接宾语;表示物的是直接宾语,通常间接宾语在直接宾语的前面。例如:

  Our teacher teaches us how to dance.

  我们老师教我们怎样跳舞。

  My father taught himself English.

  我父亲自学英语。

 7.When I worked in a hospital, I used to do only two or three operations a day.

  当我在医院工作时,我往往每天只做两、三个手术。

  used to“过去经常,以前常常”。表示过去经常干某事,例如:

  People used to burn candles in order to get light.人们在过去常点蜡烛用来照明。

  He is not what he used to be.他已不是从前的他了。

  —Did you use to be a teacher?你过去一向当教师吗?

  —Yes, I used to.是的,我一向当教师。

  He usedn’t to answer.他一向不回答。

  I used to live in London.我过去一直住在伦敦。

 8.It’s hard work but I’m used to it now.那是艰苦的工作,但现在我已习惯那样的工作。

  be used to “习惯于”,例如:

  I’m quite used to hard work now.

  现在我已习惯做艰苦的工作。

  After three weeks she was used to the extreme heat.

  三个星期后她就适应酷热的环境了。

  The food in England is strange at first, but you’ll soon be used to it.

  英国食物乍一吃很不习惯,但不久就能适应了。

 9.I’m proud that I can help so many people.我觉得我能帮助那么多人很光荣。

  I’m proud后面跟宾语从句相当于动词不定式。 例如:

  He’s proud he is a scientist.=He is proud to be a scientist.

  他觉得自己是一个科学家很光荣。

  本课这句话=I’m proud to help so many people.

 10.Is there anything else you’d like to say to our readers?

  你还有没有其它要跟我们读者说呢?

  ①else副词,与不定冠词、疑问代词或否定代词或副词连用,“除(已提到的)以外;另外;其他”,作定语,放在不定冠词、疑问代词或否定代词之后。例如:

  Did you see anybody else(=any other persons)?

  你见到其他人了吗?

  Have you anything else to do?你还有别的事做吗?

  Ask somebody else to help you.请别人帮助你吧。

  That must be somebody else's coat;it isn't mine.

  那一定别人的外衣,不是我的。

  ②you’d like to say to our readers定语从句,修饰前面的不定代词anything。例如:

  The man who lives next to us is a policeman.

  住在我们隔壁的那个人是警察。(who在定语从句中作主语)

  The noodles (that)I cooked were delicious.

  我煮的面条味道好极了。(that指物,在定语从句中作宾语,这时可以省略)

  A plane is a machine that can fly.飞机是能飞的机器。(that指物,在定语从句中作主语)

  The silk which is produced in Hangzhou sells well.

  杭州产的丝绸销售很好。(which在定语从句中作主语)   

  The songs which the Beatles sang were very popular.

  甲壳虫乐队唱的那些歌曲非常流行。(which在定语从句中作宾语)

 11.Many people in poor countries do not have enough money to go to hospital.

  贫困国家的许多人没有那么多钱上医院(看病)。

  ①in poor countries介词短语,在句中作定语,修饰前面的名词people。介词短语作定语通常放在被修饰词之后。例如:

  The man in the white car is Jim’s father. 在白色小汽车里那个男的是吉姆的父亲。

  ②enough修饰名词时放在名词money之前,修饰形容词或副词时放在其后。例如:

  There is enough food for eight people.食物够八个人吃。

  There is light enough for reading.天够亮了可以看得见书。

  The boy is old enough to enter the school.这孩子的年龄已够得上进学校。

  She sings well enough.她唱得相当好。


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