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Unit 5 Films 知识讲解-学生频道-【 扬州家教网 - YZJJW.NET】
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Unit 5 Films 知识讲解
发布者:本站编辑 发布时间:2009-8-30 阅读:3569次 【字体:

【知识讲解】

   1.Listen. Hobe, you’re very lucky, you know.听着,霍博,你很幸运,这你是知道的。

   ①lucky是luck的形容词,“运气好的;幸运的”,在句中作定语或表语。例如:

   It’s my lucky day.今天我很走运。

   I was lucky enough to get a job.我很幸运得到了一份工作。

   ②luckily副词,常用于句首,表示谈话人的评论,“幸运的是;幸运”,在句中通常可以作状语。例如:

   Luckily for me the train was late, so I just caught it.幸而火车误点了,所以我刚好搭上。

   Luckily, he found his lost pen at home.幸运的是他在他家找到了他丢失的钢笔。

   =He was lucky that he found his lost pen at home.

   =He was lucky to find his lost pen at home.

   2.Why don’t you stop daydreaming?你何不停止做这种白日梦?

   daydream用作可数名词,“白日梦;空想”,在句中作宾语或主语。例如:

   The child stared out of the window, lost in a daydream.

   那小孩凝视着窗外,沉醉在白日梦里。

   Your daydream can’t come true.你的空想是不会实现的。

   daydream动词,“做白日梦;幻想”,在句中作谓语。例如:

   She is always daydreaming.她总是爱做白日梦。

   He sat in the classroom daydreaming about the holidays.

   他坐教室里幻想着度假。

   3.I should be in Hollywood instead.我是应该在好莱坞的。

   instead副词,“代替;替代”,在句中通常作状语,放在句尾。例如:

   I don’t like beer, give me coke instead.我不喜欢喝啤酒,给我可乐好了。

   instead of固定词组,“代替;替代”,of是介词,后接名词或动名词。例如:

   We’ll have fish instead of meat for lunch.我们中饭吃鱼不吃肉。

   They went there on foot instead of by bus.他们没有乘公共汽车,而是步行去的。

   4.She is famous not only in the USA, but also in other parts of the world.

   ①famous形容词,“著名的,出名的;极好的,令人满意的”,在句中作定语或表语。如:

   She is a famous writer.她是个著名的作家。

   Einstein was famous for his Theory of Relativity.爱因斯坦以他的相对论而闻名。

   ②not only…but also…“不仅……而且……;既……又……”,用作并列连词,连接两个相同的成分,所强调的重点是后面一个。例如:

   Not only Mr. Lin but also his son joined the Party two years ago.

   两年前林先生和他的儿子都加入了共产党。(连接两个主语)

   She not only sings well but also dances beautifully.

   她不仅歌唱得好,舞也跳得很好。(连接两个谓语动词)

   He plays not only the piano but also the violin.

   他不仅会弹钢琴,还会拉小提琴。(连接两个宾语)

   They speak English not only in class but also in the dormitory.

   他们不仅在教室而且在寝室也都讲英语。(连接两个地点状语)

   5.She loved dancing and her dream was to become a successful ballet dancer.

   她非常喜欢跳舞,她的梦想就是成为一名成功的芭蕾舞演员。

   be+动词不定式结构,用来表示按计划安排即将要发生的动作,如果动词be是现在式,即be+动词不定式为一般将来时,如果是was/were+动词不定式,那就表示过去将来时。如:

   I am to have tea with Betty this afternoon.

   我打算今天下午跟贝蒂一起喝茶。

   They were not to get away with it if they continued to violate the law.

   如果他们继续违法乱纪,将会受到法律的严惩。

   6.She had put all her effort into ballet training before she entered the film industry.

   在她进入电影业以前,她把她全部的精力都投入了芭蕾舞的训练之中。

   ①effort名词,“努力,努力的尝试”,通常与动词不定式连用,an effort to do sth“尽力做某事”;make efforts to do sth.“努力、奋力做某事”。例如:

   Does it require a great effort of will to give up smoking?戒烟需要坚强的毅力吗?

   I’ll make every effort to help you.我将尽力帮助你。

   Please make an effort to arrive early.请劳驾早点到。

   ②enter动词,“进入”=go into, come into。注意enter后面不能跟into。例如:

   She entered the room quietly.=She went into the room quietly.

   她悄悄地进入屋中。

   7.Shortly after, Audrey was chosen to play the lead role of a young princess in the Hollywood film Roman Holiday.

   之后不久,赫本就被选去演好莱坞电影《罗马假日》中的主角一位年轻的公主。

   shortly after“不久以后”,shortly before“不久以前”。例如:

   The temple was rebuilt shortly after the war.战后不久就重建了那座寺庙。

   He left shortly after six.他六点以后不久就离开了。

   We arrived shortly before the film started.我们在电影开始不久以前到的。

   We received your messages shortly after landing.

   我们在飞机着陆后不久就收到了你的口信。

   8.The film was a big success and Audrey became famous instantly.

   这部电影获得了巨大的成功,赫本立刻就出名了

   success不可数名词,“成功,有成就,有成果”。例如:

   He has had great success in life.他的事业很成功。

   I wish you success in your new position.祝你在新的岗位上获得成功。

   可数名词,“取得成就的人;成功的事”。例如:

   He has had several successes with his plays.他几个剧本都很成功。

   The play we saw last night was a success.我们昨晚看的那场戏很成功。

   succeed动词,“成功,成功地做到”,后面常跟介词in结构,表示“在某些方面成功”。

   Did you succeed in booking the tickets?你订到票了吗?

   The climbers succeeded in reaching the top of the mountain.爬山的人成功地到达了山顶。

   9.She wanted to remind us to protect the environment by showing us the beauty of nature.

   她想通过向我们展示大自然的美丽,提醒我们要保护环境。

   ①remind动词,“提醒”,除可跟of/about引起的短语或跟从句外,还可跟动词不定式的复合结构。例如:

   I reminded Xiao Liu of his promise.我向小刘提起他答应过的事。

   Did you remind him about the money he borrowed?你提醒他所借的那笔钱了吗?

   The doctor reminded me that I should see him in two months.

   医生提醒我两个月后应该再去见他。

   Be sure to remind her to come back early.一定要提醒她早点回来。

   Mother reminded him to take the medicine on time.母亲提醒他按时服药。

   ②protect动词,与from连用,“保护;警戒”。与against连用,“防御;袭击”。如:

   He raised his arm to protect his face from the blow.他举起手臂护住脸,以免被这一拳打中。

   Young plants should be well protected from the cold.

   The tea plants must be protected against frost in winter.必须保护茶树在冬季不受冻。

   Trees can protect crops against the attack from strong wind.

   树木能保护庄稼免遭强风的侵袭。

   10.Her efforts in this area earned her a number of awards.

   她在这方面的成就为她赢得了许多荣誉。

   a number of“若干;许多”,后接可数名词的复数形式,作主语时,谓语动词用复数。如:

   I have a number of letters to write.我有一些信要写。

   A small number of women are now holding key jobs.现在有少许妇女身居要职。

   the number of“……的数量”,后接可数名词的复数形式,但其整个短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

   The number of the factories in my hometown has reached 100.

   我家乡的工厂数量已经达到了100家。

   The number of cars is increasing these years.这些年小汽车的数量在增加。

   11.Ten days later, at the age of 63, Audrey passed away, peacefully, in her sleep.

   十天以后,63岁的赫本在睡梦中平静地去世了。

   pass away“去世;逝世”与die同义,是一种比较婉转的说法。例如:

   Dad had passed away, but he is still in my heart.父亲已经去世,但他永驻我心中。

   He passed away during the night after a year in bed.卧病在床一年后,他于晚间逝世。

   12.Sometimes you agree with people but sometimes you disagree.

   有时候你同意他人的观点但有时候你不同意。

   ①agree with“同意……;赞成……”,后面接表示人或表示“意见;观点”的词。如:

   She agreed with me.她同意我的意见。

   I quite agree with what you said.我完全同意你说的话。

   ②agree to“赞同;同意”,后面接表示“计划;提议;办法;安排”等,to是介词。如:

   They agree to my idea.他们同意我的想法。

   Do you agree to this arrangement?你同意这个安排吗?

   ③agree还可以用于that从句前,表示“同意;一致认为”。例如:

   We all agreed that it was a good plan.我们一致认为这是一项好计划。

   It was agreed that another meeting was necessary.

   大家一致认为有必要再开一次会。

  


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